Den

Den's name in a serekh

Den (Hor Den "Horus who strikes") ruled ancient Egypt during the Early Dynastic Period. He was probably the fourth king of the first dynasty, but may have been the fifth ruler as some scholars consider that his mother Queen Mereneith ruled ancient Egypt before him. His reign is attested on numerous fragments and inscriptions on vases and the Palermo Stone implies that he ruled for around thirty-two years (although he is not specifically named, occurences in his reign echo the detail in this record). His throne name (Semti) may relate to the king names Hesspti on the Abydos Kings List. As far as we are aware, he was the first to wear the double crowns of Upper and Lower Egypt and to use the title King of the Two Lands. His tomb at Abydos also contains the first known example of the use of red granite in monumental building.



Den smiting copyright CaptMondo

Early Egyptian sources record that he fought the Bedouin tribes in Sinai and label from Abydos shows "the first smiting of the east" (probably referring to the "smiting of the troglodytes" as recorded on the Palermo Stone).

Another label recovered from Abydos shows Den smiting an Asiatic captive. His name appears in a serekh topped by a representation of Horus, but in front of him there is a standard bearing a Seth animal.

Names

Den's Nomen 'Septi' from the Abydos list Nomen; Septi (from the Abydos kings list)
Den's Nomen 'Semti' or 'Kenti' from the Turin list Nomen; Semti or Kenti (from the Turin list)
Den's Nomen 'Semti' from the Abydos list Nomen; Semti
Den's Nebty name 'Smyti' or 'Chasti' Nebti; Smyti (or Xasti) "Man of the desert"
copyright J Hill 2010
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Predynastic period Early Dynastic Old Kingdom First Intermediate Middle Kingdom Second Intermediate New Kingdom Third Intermediate Graeco-Roman period Late period