E; Mammals

The hieroglyphs of ancient Egypt are often listed in groups of associated glyphs. The following hieroglyphs have been grouped according to the system established by Sir Alan Gardiner. The following hieroglyphs are all depictions of mammals.


 E1; bull
E1
Det and Log; cow, cattle, herd
E2; charging bull
E2
Det and Log; strong bull, fighting bull
E3; calf
E3
Det; calf, short-horned cow
E4; Hesat Cow
E4
Det and Log; Hesat Cow (holy)
E5; suckling cow
E5
Det; only in "to show interest for"
 E6; prancing horse
E6
Det and Log; horse, stallion
 E7; donkey
E7
Det; donkey
 E8; kid
E8
Det; kid, herd Phon; jb Phon; Det; jb
E8a; jumping kid
E8a
Det; kid, herd Phon; jb Phon; Det; jb
E9; newborn calf
E9
Phon; jw
E10; bearded ram
E10
Det; ram, sheep, Khnum
E11; ram
E11
Det; ram, sheep, Khnum
E12; pig
E12
Det; pig
E13; cat
E13
Det; cat
E14; dog
E14
Det; dog, Slougi (type of dog)
E15; jackal
E15
Det and Log; Anubis, privy councillor (rare)
E16; jackal on a shrine
E16
Det and Log; Anubis, privy councillor (rare)
D17; standing jackal
E17
Det and Log; jackal, dignitary
 E18; jackal standard
E18
Det; Upaut
 E19; jackal standard
E19
Det; Upaut
 E20; Seth animal
E20
Det and Log; Seth, chaos, disorder
 E21; Seth animal lying down
E21
Det and Log; storm, chaos
E22; lion
E22
Det and Log; lion
E23; crouching lion
E23
Log; lion Phon; rw and l (the later in the Ptolemaic period)
E24; panther
E24
Det; panther, leopard
E25; hippo
E25
Det; hippo
E26; elephant
E26
Det; elephant
E27; giraffe
E27
Det; giraffe, prophesy
E28; antelope
E28
Det; antelope
E29; gazelle
E29
Det; gazelle
E30; ibex
E30
Det; ibex
E31; goat wearing a necklace
E31
Det and Log; dignity
E32; baboon
E32
Det: baboon, monkey, angry
E33; vervet monkey
E33
Det; vervet monkey
E34; hare
E34
Phon; wn

Codes

Abb; the sign is an abbreviation of a word,
Det; the sign acts as a determinative (it has no phonetic value, but provids further information about the full word),
Log; the sign is a logogram (it represents an entire word or idea),
Phon; the sign has a phonetic value, and
Phon Det; the sign is a phonetic determinant (it acts as a determinative but also has a phonetic value).


A: Man and his occupations
B: Woman and her occupations
C: Anthropomorphic Deities
D: Parts of the body
E: Mammals
F: Parts of Mammals
G: Birds, 1
H: Parts of Birds
I: Amphibious Animals, Reptiles, etc.
K: Fishes and Parts of Fishes
L: Invertebrata and Lesser Animals
M: Trees and Plants
N: Sky, Earth, Water
O: Buildings and Parts of Buildings
P: Ships and Parts of Ships
Q: Domestic and Funerary Furniture
R: Temple Furniture and Sacret Emblems
S: Crowns, Dress, Staves, etc
T: Warfare, Hunting, Butchery
U: Agriculture, Crafts and Professions
V: Rope, Fibre, Baskets, Bags, etc.
W: Vessels of Stone and Earthenware
X: Loaves and Cakes
Y: Writing, Games, Music
Z: Strokes, Geometrical Figures, etc.
Aa: Unclassified

Return to Gardiner's sign list Pronunciation guide
copyright J Hill 2010
Return to Top
Ancient Egypt Online

Predynastic period Early Dynastic Old Kingdom First Intermediate Middle Kingdom Second Intermediate New Kingdom Third Intermediate Graeco-Roman period Late period