G; Birds

The hieroglyphs of ancient Egypt are often listed in groups of associated glyphs. The following hieroglyphs have been grouped according to the system established by Sir Alan Gardiner and are all depictions of birds.


G1; vulture
G1
Phon; A Log; vulture
G2; two vultures
G2
Phon; AA
G3; vulture with a sickle
G3
Phon; mA
G4; buzzard
G4
Phon; tw, tjw
G5; hawk
G5
Log; Horus
G6; hawk with flail
G6
Det; flail
 G7; falcon on a standard
G7
Det and Log; royal "I" or "we", Horus, Amun, king
 G7a; falcon and moon
G7a
Log; Nemti
 G7b; falcon and moon
G7b
Log; Nemti
 G8; falcon and gold
G8
Log; Horus
G9; falcon and sun
G9
Log; Rr-Herakte
 G10; falcon and the Henu barge of Sokar
G10
Det; Sokar, Henu barge of Sokar
G11; falcon crouching
G11
Det; Akhom, image of a deity, breast
 G12; falcon and flail
G12
Det; Akhom, image of a deity, breast
 G13; falcon wearing atef crown
G13
Det; Horus of Herakliopolis, Sopdu
 G14; vulture
G14
Abbr; new year
G15; vulture
G15
Log; Mut
G16; Nebty (the two ladies)
G16
Log; Nebty (the two ladies)
G17; owl
G17
Phon; m
G18; two owls
G18
Phon; mm
G19; owl and arm
G19
Phon; mj
G20; owl and arm
G20
Phon; mj
 G21; guineafowl
G21
Phon; nH Log; guineafowl
 G22; hoopoe
G22
Phon; Db
 G23; lapwing
G23
Phon Det; subjects rhyt
 G24; lapwing flapping wings
G24
Phon Det; subjects rhyt
 G25; bald ibis
G25
Phon; Ah Log; Ah (spirit)
G26; ibis standard
G26
Det; ibis, Thoth
G26a; ibis
G26a
Det; ibis, Thoth
G27; flamingo
G27
Phon; dSr Det; flamingo
G28; glossy ibis
G28
Phon; gm
G29; Ba bird (stork)
G29
Phon; bA Log; Ba bird
G30; three Ba birds (storks)
G30
Log; power
 G31; phoenix
G31
Det; phoenix, Benu, heron
 G32; phoenix and fence
G32
Det and Log; to be inundated
 G33; heron
G33
Phon Det; sdA Log; Seda bird
G34; ostrich
G34
Det; ostrich
G35; cormorant
G35
Phon; aq
 G36; swallow
G36
Phon; wr Det; swallow
G37; sparrow
G37
Det; small, bad, evil, weak
G38; goose
G38
Phon; gb (only in the name of Geb) Det; bird, insect, goose
G39; duck
G39
Phon; sA Det and Log; son, duck
G40; flying duck
G40
Phon; pA Det and Log; the, to fly (rare)
G41; duck landing
G41
Phon Det; hn, amyt, sHw, Tn, tn, qma Det; fly, bird, land
 G42; fattened duck
G42
Det and Log; fatten, food
 G43; quail chick
G43
Phon; w
 G44; two quail chicks
G44
Phon; ww
G45; quail chick and arm
G45
Phon; wa
G46; quail chick and sickle
G46
Phon; mAu
G46; nestling chick
G46
Phon; Ta Log; chick
G47; three chicks in a nest
G47
Det; nest
G49; three chicks in a nest
G49
Det; nest
G50; two birds
G50
Log; launderer
G51; bird eating fish
G51
Det; catch fish
 G52; goose pecking
G52
Det; to feed.
G53; Ba (soul or spirit)
G53
Log; Ba (soul)
G54; goose prepared for cooking
G54
Phon; snD Det; to wring a bird's neck

Codes

Abb; the sign is an abbreviation of a word,
Det; the sign acts as a determinative (it has no phonetic value, but provids further information about the full word),
Log; the sign is a logogram (it represents an entire word or idea),
Phon; the sign has a phonetic value, and
Phon Det; the sign is a phonetic determinant (it acts as a determinative but also has a phonetic value).


A: Man and his occupations
B: Woman and her occupations
C: Anthropomorphic Deities
D: Parts of the body
E: Mammals
F: Parts of Mammals
G: Birds, 1
H: Parts of Birds
I: Amphibious Animals, Reptiles, etc.
K: Fishes and Parts of Fishes
L: Invertebrata and Lesser Animals
M: Trees and Plants
N: Sky, Earth, Water
O: Buildings and Parts of Buildings
P: Ships and Parts of Ships
Q: Domestic and Funerary Furniture
R: Temple Furniture and Sacret Emblems
S: Crowns, Dress, Staves, etc
T: Warfare, Hunting, Butchery
U: Agriculture, Crafts and Professions V: Rope, Fibre, Baskets, Bags, etc.
W: Vessels of Stone and Earthenware
X: Loaves and Cakes
Y: Writing, Games, Music
Z: Strokes, Geometrical Figures, etc.
Aa: Unclassified

Return to Gardiner's sign list Pronunciation guide
copyright J Hill 2010
Return to Top
Ancient Egypt Online

Predynastic period Early Dynastic Old Kingdom First Intermediate Middle Kingdom Second Intermediate New Kingdom Third Intermediate Graeco-Roman period Late period