Menkauhor ("eternal are the souls of Horus") ruled during the fifth dynasty of Ancient Egypt (Old Kingdom). He may have been the brother or son of Niuserre, but there is no firm evidence of a family connection. His reign is attested by an inscription in the Sinai and a seal from Abusir, but little else. The Turin list only ascribes him an eight year reign which may explain the lack of artefacts.

His solar-temple, called Akhet-Re, may have been the last of the dynasty as his successor turned away from the solar cult of the fifth dynasty. Unfortunately, the building has not been identified. His pyramid is mentioned in texts from private tombs which suggest it was built not in Abusior but in Dashur. It is possible that the so called "headless pyramid" was his. It is located at the north east of Teti´s complex and we know that a cult to Menkauhor operated from there during the Eighteenth Dynasty.


Horus Name Hr mn haw (Horus Menkhaw) - Horus enduring Of Apparition
Golden Horus Name bik nbw HD (Bik-Nebw Hedj) - The Golden Horus Shines
Prenomen mn kAw Hr (Menkauhor) - Eternal Like The Souls Of Horus (Abydos kings list, Turin canon and Saqqara kings list)
Nomen ikAw Hr (Ikauhor)
kAiw (Kaiu)
copyright J Hill 2010
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