Qa'a

Qa'a

Qa'a ("His arm is raised") was the last king of the first dynasty. Manetho names the last king of the dynasty Bieneches (which hardly resembles Qa'a) and states that he reigned for twenty-six years. It is generally accepted that Qa'a is Bieneches because a seal impression bearing the name of Hotepsekhemwy (the first king of the second dynasty) was found at the mouth of his tomb at Abydos and so it is thought that he was directly succeeded by Hotepsekhemwy. The tomb of one of his officials, Merka, contained another stele listing numerous titles and recording a second sed festival for the king, supporting the long reign ascribed to him by Manetho if he is indeed Bieneches.

Qa'as name on a stele

A limestone stelea (now in the Louvre) found in his tomb shows the king wearing the White Crown while being embraced by Horus. His name appears in a serekh, and the White Crown forms part of the name. It has been suggested that this signaled the victory of the Upper Egypt in a struggle for power with Lower Egypt.

His tomb in Abydos (Tomb Q) contained twenty-six sateliite burials, thought to have been sacrificial burials. He seems to have been the last pharaoh to adopt this practice. An ancient kings list recording the first eight kings of the first dynasty was found in this tomb.

Names

Qa'a's Nebty name
Nebti; Qa'a
Qa'a's Nebty name 'Sen'
Nebti; Sen (brother of the two lands)
Qa'a's Nebty name 'Sen'
Nebti; Sen (brother of the two lands)
Qa'a's nomen, ...beh from Turin list (incomplete)
Nomen; ...beh - incomplete (from Turin Kings List)
Qa'a's Nomen 'Qebeh' from the Abydos list
Nomen; Qebeh (from the Abydos kings list)
Qa'a's Nomen 'Qebeh' from the Abydos list
Nomen; Qebeh (from the Saqqara Kings List)
copyright J Hill 2010
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Predynastic period Early Dynastic Old Kingdom First Intermediate Middle Kingdom Second Intermediate New Kingdom Third Intermediate Graeco-Roman period Late period