Hieroglyphs tutorial; Adjectives

An adjectives is a word which describes a noun. In the hieroglyphic language of Ancient Egypt the adjective "agrees" with the noun (i.e. an adjective for a female noun also has the ending "t", and adjectives for plural nouns are plural).

bin
bin - evil
s bin
s bin

("a" or "the") evil man
st bint
st bint

("a" or "the") evil woman

Word Order

Unlike English, the adjective generally follows the noun it describes (as above, "s bin" translates as "evil man" not "man evil"). However, an adjective can also be used as a "predicate adjective" (e.g. "The cat is graceful") in which case the noun follows the adjective.

An adjective can also be used as a noun in which case it will have a determinative sign to shows that it is a noun.


Common Adjectives

aa
a'a

great, big
wr
wer

great, mighty
nfr
nefer

good, beautiful, perfect
nb
nub, neb

all, every
bin
bin

evil, bad
wab
wab

pure

This

The word this also acts like an adjective and so it follows the noun and agrees with it in gender and number.

pn
pn

this (masc)
tn
tn

this (fem)

Copyright J Hill 2010
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Predynastic period Early Dynastic Old Kingdom First Intermediate Middle Kingdom Second Intermediate New Kingdom Third Intermediate Graeco-Roman period Late period