Hieroglyphs tutorial; Adjectives

An adjectives is a word which describes a noun. In the hieroglyphic language of Ancient Egypt the adjective "agrees" with the noun (i.e. an adjective for a female noun also has the ending "t", and adjectives for plural nouns are plural).

bin
bin
evil
s bin
s bin
("a" or "the") evil man
st bint
st bint
("a" or "the") evil woman


Word Order

Unlike English, the adjective generally follows the noun it describes (as above, "s bin" translates as "evil man" not "man evil"). However, an adjective can also be used as a "predicate adjective" (e.g. "The cat is graceful") in which case the noun follows the adjective.

An adjective can also be used as a noun in which case it will have a determinative sign to shows that it is a noun.

Common Adjectives

aa
a'a
great, big
wr
wr
great, mighty
nfr
nfr
good, beautiful, perfect
nb
nb
all, every
bin
bin
evil, bad
wab
wab
pure


This

The word this also acts like an adjective and so it follows the noun and agrees with it in gender and number.

pn
pn
this (masc)
tn
tn
this (fem)

nb: "every" or "lord"

The word "nb" can act like an adjective (following and agreeing with the noun). In this case, it is translated as "all", "every" or "any". However, if the word "nb" appears before the noun, it has a completely different meaning, and is translated as "lord" or "master".

V30; basket

nb

ndjs nb

ndjs nb - every individual

nb AbDu

nb AbDw - Lord of Abydos (AbDw)

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