I; Amphibious animals and reptiles

The hieroglyphs of ancient Egypt are often listed in groups of associated glyphs. The following hieroglyphs have been grouped according to the system established by Sir Alan Gardiner and are all depictions of amphibious animals and reptiles.

i1; lizard
Phon; aSA Det; lizard
i2; tortoise
Det & Log; tortoise
i3; crocodile
Det & Log; crocodile, to be aggressive, to be greedy, sovereign
i4; crocodile on a shrine
Det & Log; Sobek
i5; crocodile with a bent tail
Det; to collect
i5a; mumiform crocodile
Det & Log; Sobek
i6; crocodile skin
Phon; km
i7; frog
Det; frog, Heqat Abbr; repeating life (wHm-anh)
i8; tadpole
Abbr 100,000 (Hfn)
 i9; horned viper
Phon; f Det & Log, he, his , father
i10; cobra
Phon; D Log; cobra
i11; two cobras
Phon; DD
 i12; cobra rearing
Det; cobra, Ureas, Neseret
i13; cobra sitting on a basket
Det; Buto (wADyt)
i14; snake
Det; snake, worm
i15; snake
Det; snake, worm


Abb; the sign is an abbreviation of a word,
Det; the sign acts as a determinative (it has no phonetic value, but provids further information about the full word),
Log; the sign is a logogram (it represents an entire word or idea),
Phon; the sign has a phonetic value, and
Phon Det; the sign is a phonetic determinant (it acts as a determinative but also has a phonetic value).

A: Man and his occupations
B: Woman and her occupations
C: Anthropomorphic Deities
D: Parts of the body
E: Mammals
F: Parts of Mammals
G: Birds, 1
H: Parts of Birds
I: Amphibious Animals, Reptiles, etc.
K: Fishes and Parts of Fishes
L: Invertebrata and Lesser Animals
M: Trees and Plants
N: Sky, Earth, Water
O: Buildings and Parts of Buildings
P: Ships and Parts of Ships
Q: Domestic and Funerary Furniture
R: Temple Furniture and Sacret Emblems
S: Crowns, Dress, Staves, etc
T: Warfare, Hunting, Butchery
U: Agriculture, Crafts and Professions V: Rope, Fibre, Baskets, Bags, etc.
W: Vessels of Stone and Earthenware
X: Loaves and Cakes
Y: Writing, Games, Music
Z: Strokes, Geometrical Figures, etc.
Aa: Unclassified

Return to Gardiner's sign list Pronunciation guide
copyright J Hill 2010
Return to Top
Ancient Egypt Online

Predynastic period Early Dynastic Old Kingdom First Intermediate Middle Kingdom Second Intermediate New Kingdom Third Intermediate Graeco-Roman period Late period