M; Plants and trees

The hieroglyphs of ancient Egypt are often listed in groups of associated glyphs. The following hieroglyphs have been grouped according to the system established by Sir Alan Gardiner and are all depictions of trees and plants.


M1; tree
M1
Phon jAm (also, less often, jmA and jm) Det; tree, sycamore M2; plant stalks
M2
Phon Det; js, j Phon; Hn Det; flower, plant M3; twig
M3
Phon ht Det and Log; wood M4; palm stalk
M4
Phon Det; rnp Log; yearM5; palm stalk with a small loaf
M5
Phon Det; tr, tj, rj Log; a certain time M6; palm stalk with the sign for a mouth
M6
Phon Det; tr, tj, rj Log; a certain time M7; palm stalk with a stool
M7
Phon Det; rnp, only in “to be young” (rnpj) Log; to be young M8; lotus pool
M8
Phon SA Log; akhet (season) M9; lotus flower
M9
Phon; nfr (rare) Det and Log; lotus M10; lotus bud
M10
Det; lotus budM11; lotus bud on a bent stalk
M11
Det and Log; to sacrificeM12; lotus plant
M12
Phon; hA Abbr; 1,000M13; cobra sitting on a basket
M13
Phon; wAD, wD Log; papyrusM14; papyrus plant and snake
M14
Phon; wAD, wD M15; bunch of papyrus
M15
Det and Log; lower Egypt, papyrus swampM16; bunch of papyrus
M16
Phon; HA Det and Log; lower Egypt M17; reed leaf
M17
Phon; i Log; sedge, reed, I M17a; two reed leaves
M17a
Phon; y M18; reed leaf with legs
M18
Log; comeM19 leaf and club tied together
M19
Det and Log; sacrifice M20; reed swamp
M20
Phon; sm Log; land, meadow M21; reed swamp and noose
M21
Phon; sm Log; weed, plant M22 rush leaf
M22
Phon; nhb M22a ; two rush leaves
M22a
Phon; nn M23; su plant
M23
Phon; sw Log; su rush, kingM24; su plant and mouth
M24
Phon; rs(w) but only in words denoting “south”M25; sedge and mouth
M25
Phon; rs(w) but only in words denoting “south”M26; sedge
M26
Phon; Sma M27; sedge and arm
M27
Phon; Sma Log; upper Egypt M28; sedge and animal fetter
M28
Abbr; upper Egypt M29; sweet pea pod
M29
Phon; nDm  M30; sweet root
M30
Det and Log; sweetM31; lotus root stalk
M31
Det; to grow M32; lotus root stalk
M32
Det; to growM33; grains of corn
M33
Det and Log; corn, barley, grain M34; an ear of emmer
M34
Det and Log; emmer  M35; heap of corn
M35
Det; heap, pile M36; a bale of flax
M36
Phon; Dr M37; a bale of flax
M37
Phon; Dr M38; a bale of flax
M38
Det; flax, to tie together M39; basket of fruit
M39
Det; an offering (of fruit, vegetables or plants)M40; bundle of sedge reeds
M40
Phon; js Log; reed  M41; fragrant wood
M41
Det; juniper, imported wood M42; flower
M42
Phon; wn Abbr; eat M42a; flower
M42a
Phon; wngM43; grapevine
M43
Det; wine, fig, fruit M44 Phon; ww
M44
Det; thorn, pointed, acute


Codes

Abb; the sign is an abbreviation of a word,
Det; the sign acts as a determinative (it has no phonetic value, but provids further information about the full word),
Log; the sign is a logogram (it represents an entire word or idea),
Phon; the sign has a phonetic value, and
Phon Det; the sign is a phonetic determinant (it acts as a determinative but also has a phonetic value).


A: Man and his occupations
B: Woman and her occupations
C: Anthropomorphic Deities
D: Parts of the body
E: Mammals
F: Parts of Mammals
G: Birds, 1
H: Parts of Birds
I: Amphibious Animals, Reptiles, etc.
K: Fishes and Parts of Fishes
L: Invertebrata and Lesser Animals
M: Trees and Plants
N: Sky, Earth, Water
O: Buildings and Parts of Buildings
P: Ships and Parts of Ships
Q: Domestic and Funerary Furniture
R: Temple Furniture and Sacret Emblems
S: Crowns, Dress, Staves, etc
T: Warfare, Hunting, Butchery
U: Agriculture, Crafts and ProfessionsV: Rope, Fibre, Baskets, Bags, etc.
W: Vessels of Stone and Earthenware
X: Loaves and Cakes
Y: Writing, Games, Music
Z: Strokes, Geometrical Figures, etc.
Aa: Unclassified


Return to Gardiner’s sign listPronunciation guidecopyright J Hill 2010Return to TopAncient Egypt Online

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