Map of ancient Egypt: Upper Egypt

Map of the Nomes of Upper Egypt

This map of ancient Egypt depicts Upper Egypt. Upper Egypt extended from the Libyan Desert south past Abu Simbel. The labelling of “upper” and “lower” seems counterintuitive, with Upper Egypt in the south and Lower Egypt in the north, but in fact relates to the Nile which flows from the highlands of East Africa (upstream) to the Mediterranean Sea (downstream). Upper Egypt was known as Ta-Shemau and was divided into twenty-two areas called Nomes.

Ta Shemau; Upper Egypt

The patron goddess of the Ancient Upper Egypt is Nekhbet, and so Lower Egypt can also be represented by a vulture. This goddess appears with Wadjet (of Lower Egypt) in the Pharaoh’s “Nebty” name (also known as the “two ladies”). However, Upper Egypt was also associated with Isis, Hathor, Sekhmet and Set. Upper Egypt was associated with the lotus flower but was also represented by the sedge reed, which is referenced in the Pharaoh’s Prenomen which begins with the epithet “he of the sedge and bee” (meaning he of Upper and Lower Egypt). The Pharaoh (and some of the gods) wore the White Crown (“hedjet”) to display their guardianship of Upper Egypt. This crown was combined with the Red Crown of Lower Egypt to form the Double Crown (“pschent”).

Nome List

1: Ta Khentit (Frontier) or Ta-Seti (land of the bow)

Emblem of the 1st Nome of Upper EgyptGods
Khnum, Satet (Satis), Anuket (Anukis), Isis, Horus the Elder and Sobek

Abu (Elephantine), temples of Khnum and Satet (Satis) and temple of Amenhotep III (now demolished)
Sunet (Syene, Aswan), temple of Isis
Nubyt (Arabic Kom Ombo), double temple of Sobek with Horus

White Chapel
Represented by Horus

2: Wetjes Hor (Throne of Horus)

Emblem of the 2nd Nome of Upper EgyptGods

Djeba (Apollonopolis, Edfu), temple of Horus and the shrine of governor Isi

White Chapel
Represented by Horus of Behedet

3: Nekhen (The rural Shrine)

Emblem of the 3rd Nome of Upper EgyptGods
Horus, Nekhbet, Khnum, Neith

Nekhen (Hierakonpolis, Kom al-Ahmar), temple of Horus
Nekheb (Eleithyiaspolis, Elkab), temple of Nekhbet and Sobek
Nekheb desert valley, temples of Hathor and Shesmetet
Iunet (Esna), temple of Khnum and Neith

White Chapel
Represented by Nekhbet, Horus of Nekhen, Wenu

4: Waset (The Was sceptre)

Emblem of the 4th Nome of Upper EgyptGods
Amun, Mut, Khonsu, Montu, Sobek, Meretseger, the Buchis cult,

Perhathor (Pathyris, Gebelein), temple of Hathor
Imiotru (Rizeiqat), temple of Montu
Djerty (Tod), temple of Montu
Waset (Thebes, also Qurneh for West Bank or Luxor and Karnak for East Bank), temple of Amun,
Mut and Khonsu (and many others)
Madu (Medamud), temple of Montu

White Chapel
Represented by Montu

5: Herui (The two falcons)

Emblem of the 5th Nome of Upper EgyptGods
Min, Seth

Shenhur, temple of Isis
Gis (Apollonopolis mikra, Qus), temple of Horus and Heqet, and divine child KhonsuThoth
Gebtyu (Coptos, Qift), temple of Min and Isis
Nubt (Ombos, Naqada), temple of Seth

White Chapel
Represented by Min of Coptos

6: Aa-ta (Crocodile)

Emblem of the 6th Nome of Upper Egypt Gods
Hathor, Ihy

Iunet (Tentyris, Dendera), temples of Hathor and Ihy

White Chapel
Represented by Hathor and Iq

7: Sheshesh (Sistrum)

Emblem of the 7th Nome of Upper EgyptGods
Bat, Hu

Hut-Sekhem-Senusret (Diospolis Parva, Hu)

White Chapel
Represented by Bat

8: Abdju (Great Land)

Emblem of the 8th Nome of Upper EgyptGods
Khentamentiu, Osiris, Anhur

Abdju (Osiris, Abydos, al-Arabah), temple of Osiris Khentamentiu

White Chapel
Represented by Khentamentiu

9: Min

Emblem of the 9th Nome of Upper EgyptGods

Ipu khent-min (Panopolis, Akhmim), temple of Min
Hut-Repyt (Athribis, Wannina)

White Chapel
Represented by Min

10: Wadjet (the snake)

Emblem of the 10th Nome of Upper EgyptGods
Seth, Maahes, Nemty

Djebu (Antaeopolis, Qau al-Kabir), temple of Nemty

White Chapel
Represented by Bau (or Seru?)

11: Set

Emblem of the 11th Nome of Upper EgyptGods
Horus, Seth

Shashotep (Apotheke, Shutb)

White Chapel
Represented by Bau

12: Dw-f

Emblem of the 12th Nome of Upper EgyptGods

Hut-Sekhem-Senusret (Hu)

White Chapel
Represented by Matyt or Bat

13: Atef-Khent

Emblem of the 13th Nome of Upper EgyptGods
Wepwawet, Anubis

Saut (Lycopolis, Asyut), temple of Wepwawet

White Chapel
Represented by Wepwawet

14: Atef-Pehu

Emblem of the 14th Nome of Upper EgyptGods

Qesy (Cusae, al-Qusiya), temple of Hathor

White Chapel
Represented by Hathor (but her name is lost)

15: On

Emblem of the 15th Nome of Upper EgyptGods
Thoth, the Ogdoad

Khemenu (Hermopolis, Ashmunein), temple of Thoth

White Chapel
Represented by Aha (Bes) or Wenut

16: Mehedj (Oryx)

Emblem of the 16th Nome of Upper EgyptGods
Pakhet, Khnum

Hebenu (Kom el-Ahmar), temple of Horus (not found)
Tadehnet (Greek Akoris, Arabic Tehna), temple of Amun and possibly Sobek

White Chapel
Represented by Horus of Hebenu

17: Anpu (Anubis)

Emblem of the 17th Nome of Upper EgyptGods
Anubis, Anput

Saka (al-Qes?), temple of Bata?
Hardai, temple of Anubis

White Chapel
Represented by Anubis of Henu

18: Nemty

Emblem of the 18th Nome of Upper EgyptGods

Hutnesut (Sharuna), temple of Horus-Dunanwy
Hardai, temple of Anubis

White Chapel
Represented by Nemty

19: Wab (The pure sceptres)

Emblem of the 19th Nome of Upper EgyptGods
Seth, Mormyrus fish

Permedjed (Oxyrhynchus, Bahnasa)

White Chapel
Represented by Igay

20: Atef-Khent (the southern Sycamore)

Emblem of the 20th Nome of Upper EgyptGods

Henennesut (Heracleopolis, Ihnasya), temple of Heryshef

White Chapel

21: Atef-Pehu (the Lower Laurel/ the northern Sycamore)

Emblem of the 21st Nome of Upper EgyptGods
Khnum, Sobek, Renpet

Shedyet (Crocodilopolis in Greek and Euergetis or Arsinoe during the Ptolemaic period), cult of Sobek
Shenakhen/Semenuhor (Akanthon, possibly near Kafr Ammar or Kafr Tarkhan)

White Chapel
Represented by Khnum

22: Maten (the knife)

Emblem of the 22nd Nome of Upper EgyptGods

Tepihu (Aphroditopolis, Atfih), temple of Hathor
The White Chapel entry suggests that the Fayum region was part of this province

White Chapel
Represented by Neith and Sobek of the southern lake

Nomes of Lower Egypt

copyright J Hill 2010