P; Ships and parts of ships

The hieroglyphs of ancient Egypt are often listed in groups of associated glyphs. The following hieroglyphs have been grouped according to the system established by Sir Alan Gardiner and are all depictions of ships and parts of ships.

P1; ship
Det; ship, sail, to sailP1a; capsized ship
Det; capsizeP2; sailing ship
Det; sail upstreamP3; holy barque with Naos shrine
Det and Log; Neshemet barque, holy barque, to cross, to sail in a holy barque P4; fishing boat
Abbr; fishermanP5; winding wall
Det and Log; sail, sailor , north, north wind P6; mast
Log; building, temple, enclosure, foundation P7; mast and arm
Log; building, temple, enclosure, foundation P8; an estate with the signs for a pillar and bread
Phon; hrw Phon Det; hrw in “justified” Det and Log; voice, oar P9; oar and a snake
Abbr; hrwj.fj “he said” at the end of a quote P10; new moon
Det; rudder P11; mooring post
Det; mooring post


Abb; the sign is an abbreviation of a word,
Det; the sign acts as a determinative (it has no phonetic value, but provids further information about the full word),
Log; the sign is a logogram (it represents an entire word or idea),
Phon; the sign has a phonetic value, and
Phon Det; the sign is a phonetic determinant (it acts as a determinative but also has a phonetic value).

A: Man and his occupations
B: Woman and her occupations
C: Anthropomorphic Deities
D: Parts of the body
E: Mammals
F: Parts of Mammals
G: Birds, 1
H: Parts of Birds
I: Amphibious Animals, Reptiles, etc.
K: Fishes and Parts of Fishes
L: Invertebrata and Lesser Animals
M: Trees and Plants
N: Sky, Earth, Water
O: Buildings and Parts of Buildings
P: Ships and Parts of Ships
Q: Domestic and Funerary Furniture
R: Temple Furniture and Sacret Emblems
S: Crowns, Dress, Staves, etc
T: Warfare, Hunting, Butchery
U: Agriculture, Crafts and ProfessionsV: Rope, Fibre, Baskets, Bags, etc.
W: Vessels of Stone and Earthenware
X: Loaves and Cakes
Y: Writing, Games, Music
Z: Strokes, Geometrical Figures, etc.
Aa: Unclassified

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Pronunciation guide

Copyright J Hill 2010