Sneferu

Nebmaat
Nebmaat Snefru

Sneferu (Snefru or Snofru – “he of beauty”) may have been the son of Huni by a minor wife, Queen Meresankh I. He married Hetepheres I, the daughter of Huni (by another wife) to cement his position.

Sneferu was the first pharaoh of the fourth dynasty and his children had a major impact on the Egyptian culture: Khufu, built the Great Pyramid; Nefermaat I and Kanefer were his Viziers; and Ankhhaf was the Vizier of his nephew Khafre.

His other sons included Netjeraperef, Rahotep, Ranefer, and Iynefer. His daughters included Meritites I (the wife of Khufu) Hetepheres A (the wife of Ankhhaf), Nefertnesu, and Nefertkau.

Scenes from the Heb Sed festival of Sneferu (copyright Keith Schengili-Roberts)
Stele featuring Sneferu (copyright Daniel Mayer)

Sneferu’s expeditions into the Lebanon to fetch cedar wood are recorded in the Palermo stone. He also built three large pyramids, the “collapsed pyramid” at Meidum, the Bent Pyramid, and the Red Pyramid at Dashur, and at least one of the seven small pyramids.

Pharaoh’s Names

Manetho; Soris

Nebty: Nebmaat

Nebty: Nebmaat

Golden Horus name; bk nbw (Golden Falcon)

Golden Horus name; bk nbw (Golden Falcon)

Nomen; Sneferu (Abydos kings list)

Nomen; Sneferu (Abydos Kings List)

Nomen; Sneferu (Turin kings list)

Nomen; Sneferu (Turin Kings List)

Nomen; Sneferu

Nomen; Sneferu

Nomen; Sneferu

Nomen; Sneferu

Copyright J Hill 2010